Scarlet Fever

 

* It is due to group A streptococcus infected by a bacteriophage; poisoning by erythrogenic toxin secretion.

Is experienced especially in children 5 to 10 years; exceptional in infants and rare in adults.

Scarlet provides good immunity against streptococcus involved and the toxin.

* The rash installs in less than 48 hours.

First appears on the chest and at the root of the members then extends 1 to 2 days on the whole trunk.

It reaches the ends respecting palms and soles and perioral region.

The skin is rough with a print granita.

Language Aspect depapillated in scarlet fever

Language Aspect depapillated in scarlet fever

It dominates at the flexures without skin healthy range.

* The enanthema is constant and characteristic.

Associated pharyngitis; saburral language that exfoliates from the peripheral to the center to become uniformly red on day 6 (strawberry tongue).

* General signs regress from the sixth day.

The rash disappears with desquamation from the 8th to 30th day.

* The forms are the most frequent rough now but still enanthema characteristic.

* Departure Forms in extra-pharyngeal (skin infection)

* Complications: cervical lymphadenitis, otitis; Early nephritis; scarlatin arthritis (early).

Late post-streptococcal complications.

* Prevention of disease in subjects contact penicillin V or macrolide for 7 days.

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