Reduce a few hours a day sitting decreases the risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
Replace a few hours spent sitting in a chair by walking or even just standing reduces the risk factors for type 2 diabetes found researchers at the University of Maastricht (Netherlands), who publish their results this week the journal Plos One.
The evidence is well established benefits of physical activity on health. Depression, osteoporosis, hypertension, stroke, type 2 diabetes: sport reduces the risk of many diseases. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) should practice at least 30 minutes of physical activity 5 days a week so that the benefits are significant. But as noted by Dutch researchers, “There are no recommendations on how to fill the remaining 9930 minutes in the week!” Previous work has shown that physical inactivity is a risk factor in itself, scientists hypothesized that simply reduce the time spent sitting in a day could have a beneficial effect on health.
The short but intense efforts are as effective
The team of Hans Savelberg has various biological parameters measured in 18 subjects under very specific schedules. Under the terms, subjects were forced to sit 14h, 13h or 8 hours per day and practiced is no activity, 1 hour of cycling or walking 4h 2h associated with standing.
Surprisingly, the results show that the insulin sensitivity – determinant of type 2- diabetes and cholesterol levels were improved more effectively by the combination on / standing position by a daily time bike. Avoid sitting without making sports would be enough? Pierre Debraux, Doctor of Sports Science, grade these results “This study confirmed the interest that even in young patients stay less time sitting can make a quick profit. But in their protocol, researchers fail to accurately quantify the type of effort made for 1 hour on the bike. This may be a significant bias. “
He adds that today more and more scientific studies suggest that the beneficial effects of physical activity, including insulin, are strongly related to the duration and intensity of exercise practiced. “We need to end the notion that only low-intensity long efforts can be beneficial. Several studies show that intense efforts of short duration would be more effective, both for weight loss. “Good news for those who do not have daily 6am to walk or stand!