Tag: Reflux

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and hiatal hernia (HH)

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and hiatal hernia (HH)

    A- Defining HH: The hiatal hernia is the protrusion of a portion of the stomach into the thorax through the esophageal hiatus of the diaphragm. B- Set GERD: GERD is a physiological in all subjects. It is considered pathological only when it becomes symptomatic, unusually frequent, prolonged or complicated. It affects about 10% of the…

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is defined by the passage of a portion of the gastric contents into the esophagus. This phenomenon is usually accompanied by recognizable symptoms in the interrogation. Reflux can be complicated by esophageal damage: reflux esophagitis of varying severity, but which may be complicated by stricture, bleeding, or columnar metaplasia of the…

  • Gastric disorders, stomach and duodenum

    Gastric disorders, stomach and duodenum

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease Clinical signs: Burning stomachache or heartburn, generally relieved by antacids; acid regurgitation (often postural: ante-bending or supine). In the absence of dysphagia (oesophageal stenosis), these events are benign. Treatment: – In first intention, encourage the patient to avoid alcohol, tobacco, and give aluminum hydroxide PO: 1.5 to 3 g / day in…

  • Urinary tract infection

    Urinary tract infection

    1- radiological information: Ultrasound: Systematic dice the first episode of UTI (boy or not) CUM (retrograde cystography): Episode 2 in girls; from the 1st episode in boys IVU: in case of anomalies on ultrasound, the MUC Before any abnormality of the urinary tract systematically search for VUR by CUM 2- vesicoureteral reflux: Most common in…