Tag: diabetes

  • Diabetes insipidus nephrogenic

    Diabetes insipidus nephrogenic

    Introduction: The molecular knowledge of renal functioning now allows the precise classification of diabetes insipidus nephrogenic (DIN).Hereditary DINs are rare, but their identification has made it possible to understand the function of proteins essential to the reabsorption of the water like the receptors of type 2 to the vasopressin (AVPR2) and the aquaporin 2 (AQP2). The…

  • Diagnosis and classification of diabetes

    Diagnosis and classification of diabetes

    Diagnostic criteria for diabetes: WG-WHO *, 1998 (2011) The subject has symptoms of diabetes (polyuria, polydipsia, unexplained weight loss) and random blood glucose ≥ 11.1 mmol / l (2.00 g / l); – Fasting blood glucose (no caloric intake for at least 8 h) is ≥ 7.0 mmol / l (1.26 g / l);  –…

  • Diabetes

    Diabetes

    1- Definition: Diabetes criteria are: – A fasting plasma glucose ≥ 1.26 g / L (or 7 mmol / L) or less 2 times – A plasma glucose at any time of day ≥ 2 g / L (11.1 mmol / L) – A blood glucose 2 hours after a glucose load (75g OGTT) ≥…

  • Emaciation

    Emaciation

    SYMPTOM WEIGHT LOSS: Weight loss is a progressive weight loss (unlike the constitutional thinness). It is most often recent or semirécent: 2% of weight in a week, 5% in one month or 10% in six months. It requires careful diagnostic approach, emphasizing the annamnèse and clinical examination. Weight loss can be the reason for consultation…

  • Diabetes

    Diabetes

    DEFINITION: Contrary to what is often thought, the definition of diabetes has not changed, neither in design nor in its standard. We always defines diabetes by the level of hyperglycemia with a risk of specific complications: diabetic microangiopathy, and specifically diabetic retinopathy. This threshold is still set at a blood glucose above or equal to…

  • Hypertransaminasemia

    Hypertransaminasemia

    Transaminases are two in number: – Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) which is located in the liver, myocardium and skeletal muscle; – Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) that is ubiquitous (liver, myocardium, muscle, kidney, blood cells …). Adult levels are reached adolescence, they are not affected by the menstrual cycle or pregnancy, for against oral contraception and menopause appear…

  • Erysipelas

    Erysipelas

    * Infection Strep ß-hemolytic group A mainly reaching the dermis and hypodermis (cellulitis); rare in children;especially adults> 40 years * The onset is sudden with fever ++ (39 ° C) -> edematous erythematous plaque painful on palpation and well circumscribed. The bead is rare on the leg. In some cases superficial bullae. * The presence…

  • Halitosis

    Halitosis

    SYMPTOMATOLOGY: Medical term for bad breath, this little bad, very common, seems trivial, but covers important psychosocial consequences. It is difficult to quantify precisely the complaint, but, for example, 25% of the Japanese population over 30 years old and 43% of Americans over 60 complain of the disorder. In addition, 50% of Americans use products…